Saturday, March 16, 2013
Soap making is the act, process, or occupation of manufacturing soap.
What is soap?
In chemistry, soap is a salt of a fatty acid. ¹
Soaps are made by mixing a strong alkaline solution with animal fats or vegetable oils. The strong alkaline solution is what we oftentimes refer to as the mixture of Sodium Hydorixide and water. It is what most soap makers refer to as "lye" or "caustic soda".
These animal fats and vegetable oils contain triglycerides wherein three molecules of fatty acids hold on to one molecule of the alkaline solution to turn into soap. This process of turning the fatty acids to soap is the chemical reaction called SAPONIFICATION.